ISSN 2528-9659 | E-ISSN 2148-9505
Original Article
Prevalence of Need of Orthodontic Treatment in 7–16-Year-Old School Children in Udaipur City, India
1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Darshan Dental College and Hospital, Loyara, Udaipur, India  
2 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al Zulfi, Saudi Arabia  
3 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al Zufi, Saudi Arabia  
Turk J Orthod 2017; 30: 73-77
DOI: 10.5152/TurkJOrthod.2017.17022
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Key Words: Dental health component, IOTN, malocclusion, orthodontic treatment need
Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to estimate the need of orthodontic treatment in 7-16-year-old school children in Udaipur city, India.

 

Methods: This cross sectional study enrolled 1029 subjects (661 males and 368 females) belonging to Udaipur city, Rajasthan, India. Subjects who had not undergone orthodontic treatment were randomly selected. The need for orthodontic treatment was assessed using the Dental Health Component of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) by the same calibrated examiner. Collected data were quantitatively analyzed, and the difference pertaining to prevalence between males and females was measured using the chi-square test.

 

Results: A Grade 1 IOTN score was observed in 48.4% of the population. Grade 2 was observed in 22.9% of the population. A significant difference was noted for the prevalence of Grades 1, 2, and 3 between male and female children, with male children showing greater prevalence of malocclusion grades. Grades 4 and 5, which were noted less frequently, did not show a significant difference with respect to sex.

 

Conclusion: A higher percentage of the sample required moderate orthodontic treatment. This necessitates proper education and motivation to undergo orthodontic treatment.

 

Cite this article as: Visnoi P, Shyagali TR, Deepak PB. Prevalence of Orthodontic Treatment Need in 7-16-Year-Old School Children of Udaipur City, India. Turkish J Orthod 2017; 30: 73-7.

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