ISSN 2528-9659 | E-ISSN 2148-9505
Original Article
Evaluation of Dentoalveolar and Dentofacial Effects of a Mini-Screw-Anchored Pendulum Appliance in Maxillary Molar Distalization
1 Private Practice, Bursa, Turkey  
2 Department of Orthodontics, Gazi University School of Dentistry, Ankara, Turkey  
Turk J Orthod 2018; 31: 103-109
DOI: 10.5152/TurkJOrthod.2018.18004
Key Words: Class II, orthodontic anchorage, orthodontic appliance
Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the dentoalveolar and dentofacial effects of a mini-screw-anchored pendulum appliance in maxillary molar distalization.

 

Methods: Twenty patients with the Angle Class II molar relationship (mean age 14.05±2.4 years) were treated with a mini-screw-anchored pendulum appliance for molar distalization. A mini-screw 1.9 mm in diameter and 9 mm in length was used to support the pendulum appliance. The springs of the pendulum appliance were activated at 90° and exerted 250-300 gr force per side. Lateral cephalometric radiographs and dental cast models were obtained from all the patients before and after maxillary molar distalization.

 

Results: A 0.6° increase in the SNA and SNB angles, and a 0.3° decrease in the SN/GoGn angle were found to be statistically significant. In the maxillary first molars, 4.2-mm significant distalization, 0.6-mm significant intrusion, and 8.9° significant distal tipping were observed. The spontaneous distal drift of the maxillary second premolars was found to be statistically significant. In the maxillary first premolar and incisor positions, significant mesialization was observed; however, the changes in the angles of these teeth were found to be insignificant.

 

Conclusion: A mini-screw-anchored pendulum appliance is an effective method for maxillary molar distalization that controls the undesired anchorage loss observed in conventional methods.

 

Cite this article as:  Kırcalı M, Yüksel AM. Evalution of Dentoalveolar and Dentofacial Effects of a Mini-Screw-Anchored Pendulum Appliance in Maxillary Molar Distalization. Turk J Orthod 2018; 31(4): 103-9.

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AVES | Copyright © 2018 Turkish Journal of Orthodontics | Latest Update: 05.12.2018